How to Use Fertilizers & Pest Control In Your Garden?

Are pest destroying your precious rose shrubs? Or are your apples infested with Maggots? Or are you planning an inorganic garden? Pest control and proper use of fertilizers is the secret to effective forestry. The two go hand in hand as diseases and pests are the two factors that destroy plants, shrubs, trees, flowers and fruits.

Fertilizers
Fertilizers are compounds that promote plant growth. Typically fertilizers are applied to the soil to add nutrients which may be the specific requirement of a particular variety of plant or may generally enhance the texture and nutrient value of the soil. Fertilizers may be either organic or inorganic.

The slow acting organic fertilizers may be either animal or plant byproducts. Many naturally occurring compounds and mineral deposits such as peat are used as fertilizers. Natural processes such as composting are used to manufacture some fertilizers. Freshly cut grass, hay, bark, leaves etc are added to the ground as organic fertilizers. These decompose to form humus which enriches the soil with the required nutrients and also protect the ground against sharp temperature changes. Cow manure, bone meal, wood ash and compost form ideal fertilizers for a variety of plants and shrubs. Inorganic fertilizers such as potassium, phosphorous, sulphur and nitrogen compounds are used in forestry. Chemical processes such as the Haber process are used to manufacture these. Inorganic fertilizers are very quick acting and supply the soil with primary (phosphorous, potassium and nitrogen), secondary (calcium, magnesium and sulphur) and micro nutrients such as copper, zinc, chlorine etc. These however are expensive in comparison to the organic manures.

Pest control
Garden pests are not only insects but also animals which hamper the healthy growth of the plants. They may spoil the fruits or may eat the fruits, seeds and plants. Garden pests may be insects or birds, mollusks or rodents and sometimes even bigger mammals such as the bear. Insects such as ants, bugs, caterpillars, worms, centipedes, grasshoppers, borers, weevils and earwigs are the most common garden pests. Mollusks destroy cabbage and other leafy vegetables.

The method of pest control used would typically depend on the kind of pest you are dealing with. Some creatures such as frogs and toads are effective in controlling pests. You could create a small pond to encourage their presence in your garden. You could also set up an animal trap. Traps that do not harm the captured animals are also available. Larger animals can be warded off by using scarecrows, noisemakers and fences while smaller insects may require pesticides. Drowning the pests in soapy water is also an option. Pesticides may be organic, inorganic or even home-made such as the garlic spray.

Planting grasses and flower bushes and encouraging a healthy ecological cycle is invaluable in avoiding most harmful pests and in promoting forestry. Encouraging the natural habitat of helpful insects is ecologically safe and a healthy method of pest control.