Gardening

Avocado Tree – What are the Common Problems?

Avocado is also called

Persea Americana

that belongs to the family Lauraceae. They are native to the South and central America, but they are cultivated in tropical countries as well. These are also called alligator pears that are commonly used in salads, shakes, desserts, and dips in many parts of the world. It is not very easy to grow an avocado tree. There are many

avocado tree

problems that you need to watch out for. An avocado tree produces around 150 to 500 fruits in a year. These trees cannot tolerate soggy conditions as they need well drained soil. They cannot tolerate cold weathers. There are many problems like infestations and infections that can affect the growth of a plant. Read onto know more about

avocado tree

problems.

Avocado Tree – What are the Common Problems?

Here are some of the common problems of an avocado tree:Avocado Tree - What are the Common Problems?

  • Phytophthora Root Rot:

    This is also called collar root and is a fungal infection that is caused by the fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi. This fungus originates below the ground level. This fungus infects the roots, which makes them brittle and black. This infection further develops into trunk cankers that appears around the trunk base. It is highly infectious and cannot be treated. However, it can be controlled by removing the infected part, when detected at an initial stage.

  • Powdery Mildew:

    This mildew infection, affects the avocado trees and becomes severe if not treated at the earliest. It forms purplish brown or dark green spots on the lower part of the leaves. Yellowish green spots are seen on the upper part of the leaves. This is followed by a gray or white powdery growth. You need to spray the tree with a fungicide to control the infection.

  • Avocado Black Streak:

    This infection is primarily characterized by yellowing of the leaves, black streaks seen on the trunk, and young branches. This results in serious avocado tree infections. This results in poor fruit production as well. It can cause lesions and cankers also. Soil fumigation and proper irrigation are the measures taken to prevent this disease.

  • Sun-blotch:

    This is a viral infection caused due to the virus sun-blotch viroid. Appearance of colored spots or streaks on the fruits, bark, and leaves are signs if this infection. They develop yellow or white mottles. This infection spreads from the infected seeds and hence, you need to get seeds that are certified free of sun-blotch for planting.

These are some of the

avocado tree problems

seen commonly.

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