Gardening

The Basics of Horticulture

Horticulture is the science of growing plants in small gardens. The study of horticulture includes research and development of plant cultivation, plant life-forms, cropping, and other areas like pests, plant diseases, etc. The study of plants is a diverse subject in itself.

Horticulture and Agriculture

Horticulture is different from agriculture. Both the words come from the Latin language. Culture comes from ‘cultura’ meaning cultivation. ‘Hortus’, the Latin word means garden and ‘Agri’ means field.  The major difference is that, while the former deals with gardening, the latter deals with cultivation of field crops and is largely used for commercial purposes.

Horticulture is also in many cases used commercially, but most commonly it is used for amateur learning. The research and study, of course, has a commercial background. Jobs in horticulture, in fact, sorted after.

Horticulture involves the study of various kinds of plant life. There are majorly seven areas of study as listed under.

Floriculture

– for cultivation of flowers

Olericulture

– for cultivation of vegetables

Pomology

– for cultivation of fruits

Viticulture

-for cultivation of grapes

Arboiculture

– for taking care of trees, plants and shrubs

Landscape horticulture

– cultivation and maintenance of landscape plants

Post-harvest physiology

-maintenance of spoilage and quality of plants

These seven areas are classified basically into two groups- edibles and ornamentals.

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